How did the U.S. become so economically successful? One part of the answer:
American human rights and the rule of law.
- The Constitution (1787) and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights (1791)
- The Fourteenth Amendment (1868): equal justice for all?
- How the justice system works
- How laws are made
- How trials work
- How punishment works
Human rights and the rule of law enable each other.
Bill of Rights
|Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Amendments
Fourteenth Amendment – 1868, after the Civil War, applies to government officials, not private citizens
“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
- due process
- equal protection
- corporate personhood
This amendment is the basis for many distinctive features of American culture, especially related to voting, employment, and discrimination based on gender, disability, and sexual orientation.